Synthesis publications:A conservation paradox: the role of indigenous peoples in environmental management
Customary approaches and practices of indigenous peoples often reflect a deep knowledge of local biodiversity. The decoupling of indigenous peoples from their environments by conservation policies and the activities of governments and nongovernment organisations can have negative consequences for indigenous peoples’ knowledge processes, and potentially limit future responses to the global biodiversity crisis. This has been described as a ‘conservation paradox’. This paradox was highlighted in two publications: one for a New-Zealand based journal (Policy Quarterly) and one in the prestigious international journal Science. The work identifies a need for legislative reforms to expand the way biodiversity is valued in New Zealand. Also to remove barriers to iwi and hapū engaging in biodiversity management in a manner that reflects core tangata whenua rights, interests, values and principles. Conservation law reforms can in future better reflect and support the intent of hapū and iwi to act as kaitiaki (guardians) of New Zealand’s biological heritage.
PO’B Lyver, JM Tylianakis 2017. Indigenous peoples: conservation paradox. Science 357(6347): 142–143. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aao0780
J Ruru, PO’B Lyver, N Scott, J Edmunds 2017. Reversing the decline in NZ’s biodiversity: empowering Māori within reformed conservation law. Policy Quarterly 13(2): 65-71.
Policy brief: Enhancing resilience in production landscapes
Planning for tipping points and enhancing resilience in production landscapes
The concept of ecosystem ‘tipping points’ is complex and not easily understood by non-specialists. Scientists have a role in delivering policy-ready information: policy makers can then cultivate New Zealand’s capacity to adapt to change by fostering social and ecological resilience. The Ecosystem tipping points team distilled complex concepts into a freely available policy brief outlining approaches that can help regional and central government to manage tipping points and drive positive ecosystem change. The team chose to focus on production ecosystems in response to growing interest from industry sector groups, including Māori. The brief includes New Zealand examples and points to knowledge gaps that will be addressed by future research.
J Yletyinen, J Tylianakis, P Brown, R Pech 2017. Planning for tipping points and enhancing resilience in production landscapes. Manaaki Whenua − Landcare Research Policy Brief No. 18 (ISSN: 2357-1713), June 2017.
How kaitiakitanga (Māori guardianship) approaches could contribute to reversing environmental decline.…
A framework to help predict and prevent harmful and difficult-to-reverse changes in ecosystems.…